Romanticism is an artistic and literary movement from the late 18th to mid-19th centuries, characterized by its emphasis on emotion, individualism, and the sublime beauty of nature. Artists like Caspar David Friedrich and Eugène Delacroix created dramatic, evocative works that celebrated the power of imagination and the mysteries of the human spirit. This movement reacted against the industrial revolution and the rationalism of the Enlightenment, seeking to capture the awe and grandeur of human experience.